Hair Care Tips

What Causes Hair Damage?

woman with hair damage

Does your hair feel dry and brittle, particularly at the ends? Is it prone to frizz and often difficult to control? These are common signs of hair damage – but don’t worry! Damaged hair is easily remedied with a touch of TLC. We discuss what causes damage, how to repair damaged hair and recommend some of the best damaged hair treatments to help restore health and shine.  

Shop Watermans Hair Care


Signs of Damaged Hair

So, what does damaged hair look like? There are several signs to look out for:  

  • Hair feels dry and struggles to retain moisture 
  • Hair feels brittle and is prone to breakage 
  • Hair looks dull and lacklustre 
  • Hair tangles easily 
  • Hair is prone to frizz 

What Causes Hair Damage?

Before looking into how to repair damaged hair, it’s important to know what’s causing it. 

Damaged hair occurs when the outer layer (the cuticle) begins to break down. The cuticle’s main function is to protect the hair, so when this layer is compromised, hair is left vulnerable to environmental damage and prone to breakage.  

Heated Styling 

Using excessive heat when styling hair (particularly without heat protection spray!), can weaken strands, causing the tell-tale signs of hair damage. 

With temperatures as high as 230°C, drying, straightening and curling often cause heat damaged hair, with dry cuticles and unhealthy, frazzled-looking ends.  

Expert Tip: Never skip heat protection when styling! Include our Protect Me heat protection spray in your hair care routine to help retain moisture and prevent hair damage. 

Environmental Factors

The weather can have negative effects on hair’s health. Just as the sun’s UV rays can strip hair of moisture, causing dryness and breakage, hair can become tangled on particularly windy days, causing the cuticles to break and shed, removing the hair’s protective layer. 

Chemical Treatments

Treatments such as chemical straightening or perming are designed to break down the natural structure of hair strands to alter their shape.  

While hair looks smooth and healthy immediately after the treatment, over time, the strong chemicals prevent moisture retention, leading to signs of damaged hair 

Harsh Brushing

Knots, tangles and vigorous brushing can cause breakages, particularly when brushing wet hair. The result? Hair appears thinner and much less healthy.  

Excessive Shampooing

Damaged hair occurs when strands lack moisture. Did you know that shampooing too often can actually strip the scalp of its sebum, the naturally occurring oils that keep hair hydrated? If this oil can’t reach the lengths and ends of strands before being washed away, hair will be left feeling dry and damaged. 

Does Dying Your Hair Damage it?

Colouring hair too often can weaken the hair’s fibres. While the Ammonia and Peroxide in the dye serves to open the cuticles and deposit the new pigment, these strong agents can leave strands feeling dry, brittle and prone to further damage if used too often. 

How to Repair Damaged Hair

1. Regular Trimming

Due a trip to the hairdressers? Regular haircuts help to remove the ends that are most prone to dryness and splitting, maintaining the appearance of healthy hair.  

2. Use the Best Shampoo for Damaged Hair – and Not Too Often!

Over-shampooing can contribute to hair damage, so it’s important to wash with the best shampoo for damaged hair – one that’s both nourishing and promotes good scalp health. 

The Watermans Grow Me Shampoo supports strong, healthy hair growth. It’s enriched with Biotin, Caffeine, Hydrolysed Lupin Protein, and Vitamin B5 to moisturise and maintain a healthy scalp, making it the optimum environment for hair growth. With continued use, hair feels hydrated and is less prone to damage. 

3. Never Skip Conditioner

One of the best ways to keep hair moisturised and hydrated is to always apply conditioner after shampooing. 

Our Condition Me Conditioner smooths the cuticles, helping to control frizz and revitalise hair’s overall appearance. Our dual-use conditioner can be used as a standard daily conditioner, or as an overnight leave-in conditioner for added body and shine. 

4. Use a Damaged Hair Treatment Mask

Go beyond the standard conditioning routine with regular hair masking. These treatments are a great way to infuse hair with healthy, hydrating ingredients that help to restore moisture into damaged hair.  

The Masque Me 8-in-1 hair mask from Watermans not only helps to deeply condition and smooth the cuticle, but works to repair, hydrate and protect hair from future damage too. 

With a blend of Provitamin B5, Argan Oil and Rosemary Extract, this damaged hair treatment mask helps to improve shine, gloss and texture, supporting the appearance of healthy, strong hair. 

5. Prevent Heat Damaged Hair with Heat Protection

Heat damaged hair is prone to dryness, brittleness and frizz, so never skip on heat protection! Whether straightening, curling or drying, our Protect Me heat protection spray helps to reduce the impact heated tools have on hair. 

Formulated with Niacinamide, Sunflower Extract and Coconut Oil, this spray not only helps to prevent heat damaged hair by helping to retain moisture and hydration but also prevents colour fading as a result of UV damage.  

Shop Watermans Hair Care


How to Rescue Dry Hair

Hair Care Tips

How to Rescue Dry Hair

Find out how to hydrate dry hair to support natural, healthy-looking strands.

2021-07-26 14:29:04By Watermans

Our Six Top Tips To Get Healthy Hair

Hair Care Tips

Our Six Top Tips To Get Healthy Hair

Find out how to get healthy hair in just six steps.

2021-09-23 16:13:02By Watermans

Why Is My Hair Thinning?

Hair Loss

Why Is My Hair Thinning?

We help you navigate thinning hair, and offer tips and tricks to support healthy hair growth.

2021-07-20 02:59:48By Watermans



Writer and expert